Abu Simbel – one of 7 ancient wonders of the world

Abu Simbel includes two great rock temples in Nubia, in southern Egypt. It is located on the western bank of Nasser Lake and about 300 km away from Aswan. This complex is known as one of Seven ancient World Wonders. It is also known as the Nubian Monuments and as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
These temples was carved out in 13th century BC, during the reign of Ramesses II – the greatest emperor of the ancient Egypt. Abu Simbel was made to commemorate victory at the Battle of Kadesh and to intimidate Nubian state from that time.
Today, temples are located nearby its original location, because the relocation was necessary to avoid their destruction during the creation of artificial Lake Nasser.
At the facade of the temple there are four colossal statues about 20 meter high. These statues were sculptured in the rock in which temple was located before it was relocated. All these statues represent Ramesses II on a throne with a double crown of Lower and Upper Egypt. Next to the legs of the Ramesses II there are statues of his members of the family – Nefertari, his chief wife, his mother, first two sons and first six dauthers.
One of the most interesting things is solar phenomena – it is believed that Egyptian architects made this temple in a way tat rays of the sun penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall 2 days a year, except for the statue of Ptah – underworld god who remains in the dark. These two days were dates of king’s birthday and coronation day. This phenomena was lost after the relocation.

This text is written by Milos Grujic, and published with his approvement.

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